Sylvia Roozen1,2 & D. Black3 & G-J. Y. Peters1,4 & G. Kok1,2 & D. Townend1,5 & J. G. Nijhuis1,6 & G. H. Koek1,7 & L. M. G. Curfs1,8

© The Author(s) 2016. This article is published with open access at


Purpose of Review The objective of the current contribution is to propose an evidence-based, six-step approach to develop effective programs for prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Recent Findings Despite widespread campaigns aimed to reduce prenatal alcohol exposure, the number of affected children continues to be high. Current strategies to reduce prenatal alcohol exposure may be ineffective or counterproductive. However, proven principles of health promotion could be applied to reduce drinking in pregnancy. One such approach is Intervention Mapping (IM), a six-step procedure based on proven principles to change behaviors.

Summary FASD affects all communities and is an underestimated problem worldwide. Programs based on proven principles of behavior change are warranted. Program developers can use pre-existing protocols and strategies from evidence-based practice, such as Intervention Mapping.
Developers who plan their preventive programs in a systematic and evidence-based manner increase the chances of success in reducing prenatal alcohol exposure and FASD.
Keywords Fetal alcohol syndrome . Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder(s) . Health education . Prevention . Intervention . Prenatal alcohol exposure

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