Prenatal exposure to alcohol represents a risk for the unborn baby at all stages of pregnancy.
This risk is the same for all varieties of alcoholic beverages and exists also in frequent consumption.
Indeed, we do not know the minimum dose below which there would be no risk to the fetus. It is recognized that the typical picture of FAS (with severe growth retardation, microcephaly, mental retardation and malformations) corresponds to a regular consumption of alcohol that is of more than 2 drinks / day or acute alcohol consumption greater than 4 drinks on one occasion, he is now also proven that even small amounts of alcohol can cause neurological damage in the fetus. Experts now believe that the risk is from the first drink: this is why, during pregnancy, it should maintain a strict abstinence.
Screening and early treatment: two major issues
Early detection of FAS and FAE
Early identification of FAS or FAE is an important step to understand the root cause of the behavior and learning difficulties of a child. This is the key to define the intervention but also prevent further births to be affected by the same problems.
Facilitate access to appropriate early intervention and can alleviate many physical problems, emotional, social and educational facing children with FAS or FAE.
Maternal Alcohol screening
Maternal alcoholism screening is to recognize the suffering of the woman is to overcome her modesty and her denial is to reduce guilt is to initiate and maintain a long and hard dialogue with her
Inform all women
Since alcohol, even in small amounts, can have adverse effects on the unborn child, it is now essential to educate all women to his misdeeds, ideally before conception.